Field

Field: Creation

field

Create a Field with the provided validators and optional value. A field's value will be validated against the list of provided validators. The field is considered invalid if at least one validator is not passing. The provided field value can be a Vue Ref object, in which case the value of this field and the Ref will be kept in sync. When creating a field to be used within a field group that uses a data source object, there is no need to provide a fieldValue if it is going to come from the data source object (any fieldValue provided would be overriden in this case).

Signature:

function field<T>(validators: Validator[], fieldValue?: T | Ref<T>): Field<T>

Parameters:

ParameterTypeDescription
validatorsValidator[]Array of validators which the field's value will be validated against
fieldValueT | Ref<T>(Optional) Initial value of the field. If a Vue Ref is provided, the field value and the ref value will be kept in sync

Field: Properties

value

  • Type: T
  • Details: The current value of the field, is provided to validators upon validation. If this is set with a Vue ref, the field and ref will maintain the same value (if the ref value changes, the field value will reflect the change as well).

invalid

  • Type: boolean
  • Details: If the field is currently considered invalid (did not pass latest validation). true if invalid, false if valid.

errors

  • Type: string[]
  • Details: List of failing validator names. If field is valid, the array will be empty.
const myField = field([minLength(6)], 'short')
myField.validate()
myField.errors // ['minLength']

errorMessages

  • Type: string[]
  • Details: List of failing validator messages. If field is valid, the array will be empty.
const myField = field([minLength(6)], 'short')
myField.validate()
myField.errorMessages // ['Does not meet the minimum length of 6'] (deault message)
const myField = field([minLength(6, 'Minimum length: 6')], 'short')
myField.validate()
myField.errorMessages // ['Minimum length: 6'] (custom message)

Field: Methods

validate

Validate the current value of the field against all validators, returns true if valid and false if invalid.

Signature:

function validate(): boolean

clear

Remove all errors (errors and errorMessages) and set the field to be valid. The value of the field will not be changed.

Signature:

function clear(): void

hasError

Check if the field contains an error matching the provided validator name.

Signature:

function hasError(name: string): boolean

Parameters:

ParameterTypeDescription
namestringThe name of a validator to check
const myField = field([minLength(6)], 'short')
myField.validate()
myField.hasError('minLength') // true

addValidator

Add a validator to the existing array of validators on the field.

Signature:

function addValidator(validator: Validator): void

Parameters:

ParameterTypeDescription
validatorValidatorThe validator to add
const myField = field([required()], 'short')
myField.validate() // true
myField.addValidator(minLength(6))
myField.validate() // false

removeValidator

Remove a validator from the existing array of validators on the field.

Signature:

function removeValidator(validator: string | Validator): void

Parameters:

ParameterTypeDescription
validatorstring | ValidatorThe name of the validator to remove or the validator object itself

FieldGroup

FieldGroup: Creation

fieldGroup

Create a group of fields / field groups which can be validated and inspected via a single object.
If a data object is provided, the values of the data object will be applied to the properties (field and/or field groups) of this field group. If the provided data object is a Vue reactive object or object containing Vue refs, the values within the field group will remain in sync with the provided data object.

Signature:

function fieldGroup<T extends FieldGroupProps>(
  fields: T,
  data?: Record<string, unknown>
): FieldGroupType<T>

Parameters:

ParameterTypeDescription
fields(FieldGroupProps)FieldGroupProps are any object containing properties of Fields and/or FieldGroups (can be nested)
dataRecord<string, unknown>(Optional) Object containing the data for the field group
const form = fieldGroup({
  myField: field([minLength(5)])
})
const myField = field([minLength(5)])
const form = fieldGroup({
  myField
})
const data = reactive({
  field1: '', 
  nestedGroup: {
    field2: ''
  }
})
const form = fieldGroup({
  field1: field([minLength(5)]),
  nestedGroup: fieldGroup({
    field2: field([required()])
  })
}, data)
const data = {
  field1: ref(''),
  nestedGroup: {
    field2: ref('')
  }
}
const form = fieldGroup({
  field1: field([minLength(5)]),
  nestedGroup: fieldGroup({
    field2: field([required()])
  })
}, data)

FieldGroup: Properties

dynamic properties

  • Type: [key: string]: Field | FieldGroup
  • Details: The fields provided to the fieldGroup factory function, as properties of the field group. This is to easily facilitate field access within components and templates (e.g. v-model="myfieldGroup.myField.value")
const form = fieldGroup({
  myField: field([minLength(5)])
})
<input
  v-model="form.myField.value"
  @blur="form.myField.validate()"
  type="text"
/>
const data = reactive({
  field1: '', 
  nestedGroup: {
    field2: ''
  }
})
const form = fieldGroup({
  field1: field([minLength(5)]),
  nestedGroup: fieldGroup({
    field2: field([required()])
  })
}, data)
<input
  v-model="data.nestedGroup.field2"
  @blur="form.nestedGroup.field2.validate()"
  type="text"
/>

invalid

  • Type: boolean
  • Details: If the field group is currently considered invalid (did not pass latest validation). true if any fields / field groups are invalid, false if all are valid.

FieldGroup: Methods

validate

Validate all fields / field groups within the field group, returns true if valid and false if invalid. Optionally, a field name can be provided to only validate a specific member field / field group.

Signature:

function validate(fieldName?: string): boolean
const form = fieldGroup({
  field1: field([minLength(5)]),
  nestedGroup: fieldGroup({
    field2: field([required()])
  })
})
form.validate() // validate all fields / field groups
form.validate('field1') // validate a field
form.validate('nestedGroup') // validate a field group
form.validate('nestedGroup.field2') // validate a nested field

clear

Remove all errors and set the field group to be valid.

Signature:

function clear(): void

get

Get a field / field group by name (can be nested).

Signature:

function get(fieldName: string): Field | FieldGroupType | null
const form = fieldGroup({
  field1: field([minLength(5)]),
  nestedGroup: fieldGroup({
    field2: field([required()])
  })
})
form.get('field1') // get a field
form.get('nestedGroup') // get a field group
form.get('nestedGroup.field2') // get a nested field

getErrorFields

Get all invalid fields / field groups within the field group.

Signature:

function getErrorFields(): (Field | FieldGroupType)[]

getValue

Get a field value by name (can be nested).

Signature:

function getValue(fieldName: string): any
const form = fieldGroup({
  field1: field([minLength(5)], 'A'),
  nestedGroup: fieldGroup({
    field2: field([required()], 'B')
  })
})
form.getValue('field1') // 'A'
form.getValue('nestedGroup.field2') // 'B'

Validators

Validators: Built-In

email

Validates that a field value is a valid e-mail format.

  • Name: email
  • Default message: Invalid e-mail

Signature:

function email(message?: string): Validator

Parameters:

ParameterTypeDescription
messagestring(Optional) Custom error message when invalid (will override default message)
import { field, email } from 'vue-validus'
const field1 = field([email()])
const field2 = field([email('custom message')])

equals

Validates that a field value is equal to the provided value. If the provided equalTo value is a Vue Ref or another Field, then it will use the current value of those objects at the time of validation.

  • Name: equals
  • Default message: Does not match

Signature:

function equals(equalTo: any, message?: string): Validator

Parameters:

ParameterTypeDescription
equalToanyThe value this field should be equal to. May be a string, number, Vue Ref, or another Field object.
messagestring(Optional) Custom error message when invalid (will override default message)
import { field, equals } from 'vue-validus'
const field1 = field([equals('abcd')])
const field2 = field([equals('abcd', 'custom message')])
import { ref } from 'vue'
import { field, equals } from 'vue-validus'
const data = ref('test')
const field1 = field([equals(data)])
import { field, equals, required } from 'vue-validus'
const password = field([required()])
const confirmPassword = field([equals(password)])

equalsByFieldName

Validates that a field value is equal to the value of a target Field identified by the provided name. The field and target field must be members of the same root field group (the fields may be nested at different levels within the root field group).

  • Name: equalsByFieldName
  • Default message: Does not match

Signature:

function equalsByFieldName(equalToFieldName: string, message?: string): Validator

Parameters:

ParameterTypeDescription
equalToFieldNamestringThe name of the target Field containing the value to match.
messagestring(Optional) Custom error message when invalid (will override default message)
import { field, equalsByFieldName } from 'vue-validus'
const field1 = field([])
const field2 = field([equalsByFieldName('field1')])
import { field, fieldGroup, equalsByFieldName } from 'vue-validus'
const form = fieldGroup({
  field1: field([equalsByFieldName('nestedGroup.field2')]),
  nestedGroup: fieldGroup({
    field2: field([required()])
  })
})

match

Validates that a field value matches the provided regular expression.

  • Name: match
  • Default message: Does not meet requirement

Signature:

function match(regexp: string | RegExp, message?: string): Validator

Parameters:

ParameterTypeDescription
regexpstring | RegExpThe regular expression to match against.
messagestring(Optional) Custom error message when invalid (will override default message)
import { field, match } from 'vue-validus'
const stringPattern = '^abc$'
const field1 = field([match(stringPattern)])
import { field, match } from 'vue-validus'
const regExpPattern = /^abc$/
const field1 = field([match(regExpPattern)])

max

Validates that a field value is no greater than the provided maximum.

  • Name: max
  • Default message: Exceeds maximum of ${maximum}

Signature:

function max(maximum: number, message?: string): Validator

Parameters:

ParameterTypeDescription
maximumnumberThe maximum value allowed.
messagestring(Optional) Custom error message when invalid (will override default message)
import { field, max } from 'vue-validus'
const field1 = field([max(10)])
const field2 = field([max(10, 'Value cannot be greater than 10'])

maxLength

Validates that a field value length is no greater than the provided maximum.

  • Name: maxLength
  • Default message: Exceeds maximum length of ${maximum}

Signature:

function maxLength(maximum: number, message?: string): Validator

Parameters:

ParameterTypeDescription
maximumnumberThe maximum length allowed.
messagestring(Optional) Custom error message when invalid (will override default message)
import { field, maxLength } from 'vue-validus'
const field1 = field([maxLength(5)])
const field2 = field([maxLength(5, 'Cannot exceed 5 characters')], 'Sample Input Value')
import { field, maxLength } from 'vue-validus'
const field1 = field([maxLength(2)])
const field2 = field([maxLength(2, 'Cannot exceed 2 items')], ['Sample', 'Input', 'Value'])

min

Validates that a field value is no less than the provided minimum.

  • Name: min
  • Default message: Does not meet the minimum of ${minimum}

Signature:

function min(minimum: number, message?: string): Validator

Parameters:

ParameterTypeDescription
minimumnumberThe minimum value allowed.
messagestring(Optional) Custom error message when invalid (will override default message)
import { field, min } from 'vue-validus'
const field1 = field([min(10)])
const field2 = field([min(10, 'Value cannot be less than 10'])

minLength

Validates that a field value length is no less than the provided minimum.

  • Name: minLength
  • Default message: Does not meet the minimum length of ${minimum}

Signature:

function minLength(minimum: number, message?: string): Validator

Parameters:

ParameterTypeDescription
minimumnumberThe minimum length allowed.
messagestring(Optional) Custom error message when invalid (will override default message)
import { field, minLength } from 'vue-validus'
const field1 = field([minLength(5)])
const field2 = field([minLength(5, 'Must be at least 5 characters')], 'Sample Input Value')
import { field, minLength } from 'vue-validus'
const field1 = field([minLength(2)])
const field2 = field([minLength(2, 'Must have at least 2 items')], ['Sample', 'Input', 'Value'])

numeric

Validates that a field value is numeric. Accepts numbers and numbers with decimals, as well as string representations of numeric values.

  • Name: numeric
  • Default message: Must be a number

Signature:

function numeric(message?: string): Validator

Parameters:

ParameterTypeDescription
messagestring(Optional) Custom error message when invalid (will override default message)
import { field, numeric } from 'vue-validus'
const field1 = field([numeric()])
const field2 = field([numeric('Numbers only')])

required

Validates that a field has a value.

  • Name: required
  • Default message: Required

Signature:

function required(message?: string): Validator

Parameters:

ParameterTypeDescription
messagestring(Optional) Custom error message when invalid (will override default message)
import { field, required } from 'vue-validus'
const field1 = field([required()])
const field2 = field([required('This field is required.')])

requiredIf

Validates that a field has a value, if the provided condition is met.

  • Name: required
  • Default message: Required

Signature:

function requiredIf(
  condition: boolean | Ref<boolean> | ComputedRef<boolean> | ((context?: FieldGroupType) => boolean), 
  message?: string
): Validator

Parameters:

ParameterTypeDescription
conditionboolean | Ref<boolean> | ComputedRef<boolean> | ((context?: FieldGroupType) => boolean)The condition to be evaluated for determining if the field is required. This can be a simple boolean value, a Vue Ref boolean, or a function which takes a root FieldGroup argument (if the field is a member of a field group) and returns a boolean representing if the field is required.
messagestring(Optional) Custom error message when invalid (will override default message)

Note

When a function is used for the condition, if a root FieldGroup object is provided as an argument to the function, the provided FieldGroup object will only make available the get method and its dynamic properties.

import { field, requiredIf } from 'vue-validus'
const condition = true
const field1 = field([requiredIf(condition)])
field1.validate() // false (invalid - required)
import { ref } from 'vue'
import { field, requiredIf } from 'vue-validus'
const condition = ref(true)
const field1 = field([requiredIf(condition)])
field1.validate() // false (invalid - required)
condition.value = false
field1.validate() // true (valid - not required)
import { reactive, toRef } from 'vue'
import { field, requiredIf } from 'vue-validus'
const data = reactive({ someValue: true })
const condition = toRef(data, 'someValue')
const field1 = field([requiredIf(condition)])
field1.validate() // false (invalid - required)
data.someValue = false
field1.validate() // true (valid - not required)
import { computed, ref } from 'vue'
import { field, requiredIf } from 'vue-validus'
const data = ref('yes')
const condition = computed(() => data.value === 'yes')
const field1 = field([requiredIf(condition)])
field1.validate() // false (invalid - required)
data.value = 'no'
field1.validate() // true (valid - not required)
import { computed, reactive } from 'vue'
import { field, requiredIf } from 'vue-validus'
const data = reactive({ someValue: 'yes' })
const condition = computed(() => data.someValue === 'yes')
const field1 = field([requiredIf(condition)])
field1.validate() // false (invalid - required)
data.someValue = 'no'
field1.validate() // true (valid - not required)
import { ref } from 'vue'
import { field, requiredIf } from 'vue-validus'
const data = ref('yes') // could use reactive object as well
const condition = () => data.value === 'yes'
const field1 = field([requiredIf(condition)])
field1.validate() // false (invalid - required)
data.value = 'no'
field1.validate() // true (valid - not required)
import { field, fieldGroup, FieldGroupType, requiredIf } from 'vue-validus'
const condition = (context?: FieldGroupType) => {
  if (context && context.field1 && context.field1.value === 'yes') {
    return true
  }
  return false
}
const form = fieldGroup({
  field1: field([], 'yes'),
  field2: field([requiredIf(condition)])
})
form.field2.validate() // false (invalid - required)
form.field1.value = 'no'
form.field2.validate() // true (valid - not required)

Note that when supplying a condition function, the data it may leverage does not necessarily need to be one of a reactive object (ref or reactive). For example:

import { field, requiredIf } from 'vue-validus'
let data = 'yes'
const condition = () => data === 'yes'
const field1 = field([requiredIf(condition)])
field1.validate() // false (invalid - required)
data = 'no'
field1.validate() // true (valid - not required)

Validators: Custom

Note

All validators must conform to the Validator interface.

To use your own validator, you must create an object which adheres to the Validator interface. The object must have a name property and execute function, and optionally a message property.

Requirements

ParameterTypeDescription
namestringThe name of the validator. Will be added to a field's errors list when invalid.
executefunctionFunction to be invoked upon validation, must return a boolean value. The first argument is the value of the field being validated and the second (optional) argument is the context FieldGroup (root field group to which the field belongs).
messagestring(Optional) Custom error message when invalid. Will be added to a field's errorMessages list when invalid.
import { field, Validator } from 'vue-validus'
const custom: Validator = {
  name: 'custom',
  message: 'an error message',
  execute: (value) => ['valid', 'values', 'array'].includes(value)
}
const field1 = field([custom], 'invalid')
field1.validate() // false (invalid)
field1.hasError('custom') // true
field1.errorMessages // ['an error message']
field1.value = 'valid'
field1.validate() // true (valid)
field1.hasError('custom') // false
field1.errorMessages // []

When a validator is applied to a field which is a member of a field group, the root (outermost) FieldGroup object will be provided as the context argument to the validator's execute function.

import { field, fieldGroup, Validator } from 'vue-validus'
const custom: Validator = {
  name: 'custom',
  message: 'an error message',
  execute: (value, context) => {
    if (context && context.getValue('field2') === 'yes') {
      return ['valid', 'values', 'array'].includes(value)
    }
    return true
  }
}
const field1 = field([custom], 'invalid')
const field2 = field([], 'no')
field1.validate() // true (valid - field2 is not 'yes')
field2.value = 'yes'
field1.validate() // false (invalid - field2 is 'yes' and field1's value is not in the allowed list)

Typescript

Typescript: Interfaces

Field

interface Field<T = any> {
  __kind: 'Field'
  value: T
  invalid: boolean
  errors: string[]
  errorMessages: string[]
  validate(): boolean
  clear(): void
  hasError(name: string): boolean
  addValidator(validator: Validator): void
  removeValidator(validator: string | Validator): void
  setTopLevel(context: FieldGroup): void
}

FieldGroup

interface FieldGroup {
  __kind: 'FieldGroup'
  fields: FieldGroupProps
  invalid: boolean
  validate(fieldName?: string): boolean
  clear(): void
  get(fieldName: string): Field | FieldGroupType | null
  getValue(fieldName: string): any
  getErrorFields(): (Field | FieldGroupType)[]
  setTopLevel(context: FieldGroup): void
}

FieldGroupProps

interface FieldGroupProps {
  [key: string]: Field | FieldGroup
}

Validator

interface Validator {
  name: string
  message?: string
  execute(value: any, context?: FieldGroupType): boolean
}

Typescript: Types

FieldGroupType

type FieldGroupType<T extends FieldGroupProps = any> = FieldGroup & {
  [K in keyof T]: T[K]
}

Utils

Utility Methods

toPlainObject

Constructs a plain object (key/value pairs) from a FieldGroup object.

Signature:

function toPlainObject(fieldGroup: FieldGroup): any
import { field, fieldGroup, toPlainObject } from 'vue-validus'
const testFieldGroup = fieldGroup({
  testField1: field([], 'test1'),
  nestedGroup1: fieldGroup({
    nestedField1: field([], 'nested1'),
    nestedGroup2: fieldGroup({
      nestedField2: field([], 'nested2')
    })
  })
})
const obj = toPlainObject(testFieldGroup)
/* (obj)
{
  testField1: 'test1',
  nestedGroup1: {
    nestedField1: 'nested1',
    nestedGroup2: { nestedField2: 'nested2' }
  }
}
*/